SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 3
TERM: 2nd TERM
- Home Economics New Concept Book 3 by Popoola O.O Mrs
- Home Economics for Junior Senior Schools Book 1 – 3 by Elizabeth Anyakoha Mrs
TOPIC: FAMILY LIVING AND RELATIONSHIP (Courtship, Marriage etc.)
A family is a group of people who are related by blood, marriage or adoption and live together. A family starts with a young man and a young woman who establishes a relationship and gets married and bears children.
A relationship starts when a boy and a girl meet and like each other. Relationship comes before courtship. Boy/girl relationship must be clean, healthy and wholesome to guide against some problems.
PROBLEMS OF UNHEALTHY BOY/GIRL RELATIONSHIP
- Unwanted/teenage pregnancy.
- Sexually transmitted diseases.
- Lack of self-respect and discipline.
- Drop out from school and termination of education
- Anti-social behaviours such as cultism, drug abuse, stealing, smoking, e.t.c.
GUIDELINES FOR HEALTHY AND WHOLESOME BOY/GIRL RELATIONSHIP
- Adolescents should choose friends who have good characters.
- They should make the relationship known to their parents for approval.
- Friends should be free to visit each other’s home.
- They should learn about each other’s family.
- Adolescents should also choose friends who share common interests with them.
- Adolescent boy and girl should minimize the length of time they spend together.
- Mention three effects of unwholesome boy and girl relationship.
- State two guidelines to maintain a healthy boy/girl relationship
Courtship is a period of time during which a young man and woman move about more closely in order to know each other with the intention of getting married. It is a process in relationship which leads to marriage.
Characteristics Features /Activities involved in Courtship
- The intending couples find out more about each other e. g. their likes and dislikes.
- They find out how each is accepted in the others family.
- They find out the extent to which they really love and care for each other.
- They discuss their future plan.
- They also learn about each other’s family customs and traditions.
- They determine how well suited they are to go into a lasting union.
1 What is courtship?
- State three activities involve in courtship.
Marriage is the union of a man and a woman as husband and wife. It is an approved union between two adults of the opposite sex. Marriage involves a man and woman living together and taking joint care of the children resulting from the union.
Factors to Consider when Choosing A Marriage Partner
- Age: The partners must be old enough for marriage.
- Love: They should love each other deeply.
- Background: Family background should also be considered.
- Character: One should choose a partner with a good character or behavior.
- Health: The intending couple should go for medical check up to determine their state of health. They should carry out such vital tests as:
- HIV/AIDS test
- Genotype test
- Parental Consent: They must seek their parents’ approval before getting married.
MARRIAGE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
- TRADITIONAL /CUSTOMARY MARRIAGE: This is marriage performed according to native laws and customs. It differs from one tribe to another. Traditional marriage can either be:
- Monogamous- where one man marries one wife.
- Polygamous- where one man marries two or more wives.
- MARRIAGE UNDER THE ORDINANCE: It is also called court marriage because it is done in the court before a court registrar. It is a monogamous form of marriage and a marriage ordinance certificate is issued to the married couple. It is provided by the government and open to all religious sects and types.
- RELIGION MARRIAGE: This may be in the church or mosque.
- Church marriage- This is done in the church by Christians. It is a monogamous form of marriage, where a man marries only one wife.
- Muslim/Islamic marriage- This is contracted in the ways stipulated by Islam by Muslims. It is a polygamous form of marriage because men are allowed to marry more than one wife.
- List and explain the three types of marriage.
- Enumerate four factors to consider before marriage
This is when two people; a boy and a girl below the age of eighteen get married to each other. The approved age for marriage in Nigeria is 18 years. Even at this age, many young people are still in school and depend on their parents.
Disadvantages of Early Marriage
- Couple may have children they cannot provide for.
- They may not be able to afford a decent accommodation.
- They could become a burden to their parents.
- Their education will be disrupted.
- They may not be properly equipped to handle marriage challenges.
- They also stand the risk of marital instability and marriage failure.
- List any four problems of unhealthy boy/girl relationship.
- State five consequences of early marriage.
- Differentiate between food infection and food poisoning
- State three signs of food spoilage.
- What is polyandry?
Home Economics for JSS 1-3 by Elizabeth U. Anyakoha. Pages 341-345.
Home Economics New Concept book 3 by Popoola O.O. Pages 103-109.
- Unwholesome boy-girl relationship can lead to all except A. pregnancy B. death C. STDs D. success
- The following are factors to consider in the choice of a marital partner except A. health B. religion C. car D. age
- The government of Nigeria approved age for marriage isA. 20 years B. 18 years C. 16 years D. 22 years
- The following tests are very important for intending marriage partners. A. Genotype and HIV/AIDS B. Genotype and malaria C. Malaria and HIV/AIDS D. Measlae and malaria tests
- Traditional marriage is also known as ______ marriage. A. church B. court C. IslamicD. customary
- Explain the marriage system in Nigeria.
- State three features of courtship.