SIGHT READING AND SINGING (REVIEW OF LINES AND SPACES)
SUBJECT: CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS
CLASS: JSS 3
TERM: 1st TERM
TOPIC: SIGHT READING AND SINGING (REVIEW OF LINES AND SPACES)
A stave or staff consists of five horizontal lines and four spaces. Notes are written on the lines and spaces of the treble or G clef and bass or F clef. On the lines and spaces of the treble stave, there are letter names E , F , G , A , B , C, D , E and F while on the lines and spaces of the bass stave, there are letter names G , A , B , C , D , E , F, G and A . A piece of music in the scale of C major begins from C and ends in C. The tonic solfas for the respective keys or notes in the scale of C major include do, re, mi, fa ,so, la, ti, do.
REVIEW ON NOTES, VALUES AND NUMBER OF BEATS
Musical Notes Values Number of Crotchet Beats
SUB-TOPIC: MUSIC COMPOSITION
SINGING: This is the ability to sing a piece of music either as a group or as an individual. The National anthem is a musical composition and equally a sacred song of a country.
SETTING WORDS INTO MUSIC
INTRODUCTION: It is rather complex to set words to music. To set words to music, start by breaking the words into their constituent syllables. Any phrase or sentence you come across will have its own metre, such as the iambic parameter so prevalent in William Shakespeare. The authentic secret behind setting words to music is discovering where the strong and weak accents lie within the words. For example, take a look at this excerpt.
If we break it down into syllables, we get the following.
My Mis-tress’ eyes are no-thing like the sun.
Taking the process one step further, the next task is to highlight the strong and weakaccents as shown below.
Strong accents are shown in bold.
My Mis-tress’s eyes are no-thing like the sun.
This example uses a line from Shakespeare’s sonnet 130, written in iambic parameter where the strong-weak accents are regular.
CONSTRUCTION OF A SONG IN THE MAJOR SCALE WITH KEY SIGNATURE / CONSTRUCTION OF TONIC SOLFAS
The above music piece is based on the lyrics of the Nigerian National Anthem in key F major. This is shown below.
s, d s, : d: m s: :-: m f : m : r: r d
A rise O compatriots; Nigeria’s call o – bey,
s, d:s, d: m s : - : m f : m : r : r d :- :-
To serve our fatherland with love and strength and faith
r r :- :- m f : r m :- f : s : s l : s : f : f : m
the la-bour of our he-roes past shall ne-ver be in vain
r:- :- : d s :- s :- s m l :- :- r
vain ,To serve with heart and might one
r :-m: f ., m : r l :- : s :- f : m: r:- r d :- :-
Nation bound in freedom, peace and unity.
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISON QUESTIONS
A Proper Approach to Cultural and Creative Art by Peter Akinyemi (Book 1, 2, 3).
REFERENCE PAGE: Visit the internet.
(c) 1/8 (d) 1
(b) clef (c) brace (d) None of the above.
(b) False (c) Maybe (d) Not sure
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