**SUBJECT: MATHEMATICS**

**CLASS:� JSS 3**

**DATE:**

**TERM: 1st TERM**

**REFERENCE BOOKS**

- New General Mathematics by M. F Macrae et al bk 3
- Essential Maths by AJS OluwasanmiBk 3

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WEEK ONE

**TOPIC: NUMBER BASE CONVERSIONS**

People count in twos, fives, twenties etc. Also the days of the week can be counted in 24 hours. Generally people count in tens. The digits 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 are used to represent numbers. The place value of the digits is shown in the number example: 395:- 3 Hundreds, 9 Tens and 5 Units. i.e. 3X102 + 9 X 101 +5 X 100.

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Since the above number is based on the powers of tens it is called the base ten number system i.e. 300 + 90 + 5

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Also 4075 = 4 Thousand 0 Hundred 7 Tens 5 Units i.e. 4 x 103 + 0 X 102 + 7 X 101 + 5 X 100 Other Number systems are sometimes used.�

For Example: The base 8 system is based on the power of 8. For example: Expand 6478, 265237, 1011012,

(a)��� 6478� = 6 x 82 + 4 x 81 + 7 X 80 =6 x 64 + 4 x 8 + 7 x 1

(b)��� 265237 =2 x 74 + 6 x73 + 5 x 72 + 2x 71 + 3 x 70

(c)��� 1011012= 1 x 25 + 0 x 24 + 1 x 23 + 1 x 22 + 0 x21 + 1 x 20

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**EVALUATION**

Expand The Following

- 4343
- 1011112

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**CONVERSION TO DENARY SCALE (BASE TEN)**

When converting from other bases to base ten the number must be raised to the base and added.

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Worked Examples:

Convert the following to base 10

(a)��� 178���

(b)��� 110112

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Solutions:

(a)��� 178 = 1 X 81 + 7 X 80 = 1 X 8 + 7 X 1 = 8 + 7 = 15

(b)��� 110112 = 1 X 24 + 1 X 23 + 0 X 22 + 1 X 21 + 1 X 20 = 1 X 16 + 1 X 8 + 0 X 4 + 1 X 2 +�

��1 X 1= 16 + 8 + 0 + 2 + 1 = 27

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**EVALUATION**

Convert The Following To Base Ten:

(a)��� 101002

(b)��� 21203

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**CONVERSION FROM BASE TEN TO OTHER BASES**

To change a number from base ten to another base

- Divide the base ten number by the new base number.
- Continue dividing until zero is reached
- Write down the remainder each time�
- Start at the last remainder and read upwards to get the answer.

Worked Examples:

- Convert 6810 to base 6
- Covert 12910 to base 2

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Solutions:

- � � � � � � � � 6� � 68

��� � � � � � � � � � 6� � 11 R 2

��� � � � � � � � � � 6 � � 1 R

��� ��� ��� 0 R 1

��� ��� ��� = 1526

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- � � � � � � � � � 2 � � 129

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 64 R 1

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 32 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 16 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 8 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 4 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 2 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 1 R 0

��� � � � � � � � � � 2��� 0 R 1

��� ��� ��� = 100000012

**EVALUATION**

- Convert 56910 to base 8
- Convert 10010 to base 2

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**GENERAL EVALUATION**

Convert the following to base seven

- 405ten
- 876ten

Evaluate the following

- 538 - 314 + 412

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**READING ASSIGNMENT**

New Gen Math Book 3� pg 15-17

Essential Mathematics for J.S.S.3 Pg 5 -9

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**WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT**

- Express 3426 as number in base 10 � � � � (a) 134 (b) 341 (c) 143
- Change the number 100102 to base 10� � (a) 1001 (b) 40 (c) 18
- Express in base 2, 10010 � � � � � � � � � � � � (a) 100100 (b) 1100100 (c) 11001
- Convert 120 base 10 to base 3� � � � � � � � (a) 111103 (b) 12103 (c) 121103
- Convert 25 base 10 to base 2� � � � � � � � � (a) 110012 (b) 10012 (c) 11002

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**THEORY**

- Convert 12648 to base 10
- Convert 10510 to base 2

� Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023