SUBJECT: CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS
CLASS:� JSS 2
TERM: 3rd TERM
MEANING OF PATTERN
Pattern refers to an arrangement of a regular and repeated motif from nature, abstract and geometric shape. A single motif either in natural, abstracted or geometric form can be made to feature severally to form a pattern, coupled with other visual elements like line and colour. This emphasizes the principle of art and design called repetition. A motif is the basic unit of a design which further repeated several times to form a pattern.
TYPES OF PATTERN
There are various types of repeat pattern namely;
HOW TO CREATE A PATTERN
Step 1.� Make several thumbnail sketches or roughs of a specific motif .
Step 2.� Select the best motif that you feel is suitable for the main pattern work.
Step 3.� Get the necessary materials for the pattern work.
Step 4. Mount a half imperial cardboard sheet on the drawing board and fix the edges of the cardboard firmly on the drawing board.
Step 5.� Prepare the enlarged layout plan on the cardboard where the main pattern work is to be done .Use lines to split the inner space into sections. This is based on the dimension given to you by the teacher.�
Step 6. � Develop the selected motif in the unit of repeat.
Step 7. � Use a tracing paper� to copy the selected motif from the unit of repeat and begin to transfer the chosen motif repeated within the inner space of the enlarged layout plan
Step 8.� Test the colours to determine those that are suitable for painting the motifs and the surrounding space. Create a colour chat in the unit of repeat to serve as a guide while painting.
Step 9. Begin to apply the necessary colours using sable brush to beautify the background or outer space before applying colours on the repeated motifs.
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS
Cultural and Creative Art Book 2, Peter Akinyemi and other authors, Chapter 9 , pages 38-40.
(a) Tracing paper (b) Pencil (c) Poster colour (d) Crayon
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