SUBJECT: CIVIC EDUCATION
TERM: 3RD TERM
TOPIC: ELECTIONS AND VOTERS RESPONSIBILITIES
- Concept of Elections.
- Concept of a Voter.
- Types of Elections.
CONCEPT OF ELECTION
An election can be defined as an act or process of voting for a candidate to represent the people of a country in the various arms of government. It also means that a process citizens of a country make political choices by voting for competing candidates or parties. In essence, the concept of election implies that the voters have alternatives and can choose among a number of proposals designed to settle an issue of public concerns.
What is an election?
CONCEPT OF A VOTER
A voter is a person who is eligible to participate in voting. Voters are referred to as the electorates. Voting, on the other hand, is a process of expressing one’s choice of a candidate in an election.
Who is a voter?
TYPES OF ELECTIONS
The types of election include:
- Direct Election: This is the process by which voters vote directly to elect their representatives for public office.
ADVANTAGES OF DIRECT ELECTION
- It is highly democratic.
- It is simple to practice.
- It promotes democracy.
- It engenders equality of voters.
- Indirect Elections:This is a system whereby eligible voters select representatives who would make the final selection of leaders on their behalf. This involves the use of Electoral College.
ADVANTAGES OF INDIRECT ELECTION
- It is very cheap.
- It reduces electoral malpractice.
- It enhances quality of law made.
- It reduces political violence.
Mention two advantages of direct election.
- Electoral College: This is a body of elected representatives who assist in electing other political or public officers.
ADVANTAGES OF ELECTORAL COLLEGE
- It is less expensive.
- It produces winners easily.
- It makes voting very short and easy.
- By-Election: This is an election that is conducted to fill a vacant elective post due to recall, resignation or death of the individual holding a given political office.
- Run-Off Election:This is an election that is re re-conducted due to disqualification or malpractice or annulment of the initial polls or election. It is usually ordered by election tribunal or court.
- Referendum: This is a “yes” or “no” vote of the people particularly on law in a given political systems. It helps the government in knowing the opinion of people about an important issue of national interest or concern.
- Primary Election: This refers to an election conducted within the party to elect the flag-bearer of the party during the general elections.
Mention three types of elections.
GENERAL EVALUATION/ REVISION QUESTIONS
- Who is a voter?
- Mention four types of elections.
- State three major differences among the tiers of government.
- Mention three characteristics of a federation.
- Mention three ways to nurture your talents.
Fundamentals of Civic Education for Basic 8 by Sola Akinyemi, pgs 122-123
- An election re-conducted due to disqualification or malpractice, annulment of the initial poll or election is called______ election. A. primary B. secondary C. run-off D. by-election
- A person eligible to vote in an election is called____. A. vote caster B. votee C. voter D. electioneer
- Which of these is regarded as “Yes” or “No” vote? A. Run-off election B. Referendum C. primary D. By-election
- The process by which voters vote directly to elect their representatives for public office is called____ election. A. direct B. indirect C. concept D.digital
- Are elections are integral part of democracy? A. Yes B. No C. Not at all D. Probably
- What is an election?
- Mention three advantages of indirect elections.