BODY MEASUREMENT AND BASIC PATTERN DRAFTING
SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 2
TERM: 2nd TERM
TOPIC: BODY MEASUREMENT AND BASIC PATTERN DRAFTING
PATTERN MARKINGS AND SYMBOLS
These are made on commercial patterns to show the dress-maker how to use the pattern in making garments. They include the following:
1. Straight grain of fabric: It is an arrow head symbol, indicating that the pattern piece should be placed on the grain i.e. parallel to the selvedge.
2. Place on fold material: A bracketed grain line, meaning that pattern edge should be placed on the fold of the fabric.
3. Darts: It is indicated by two broken lines for stitching. To make the dart, the material is folded along the centre
4. Notches: They are indicated with V-shaped symbols along the cutting line. They show matching points on the pattern
5. Stitching Line: This is indicated with broken lines around the pattern area
6. Cutting Line: It is the outlines of a pattern.
7. Seam allowance: It is the space between stitching line and the cutting line.
EQUIPMENT AND TOOLS FOR PATTERN DRAFTING
DRAFTING BASIC PATTERN
The basic or foundation patterns often drafted are referred to as blocks. They are drafted to the exact size of the body without seam allowance. They can then be adapted or modified to any desired style. Therefore they are not intended to be used as patterns for cutting out fabric without being adapted.
The block is made up of:
The back bodice
The back skirt/trouser
CONSTRUCTION OF BLOCK PATTERNS TO BE DONE IN THE PRACTICAL CLASS
GENERAL EVALUATION QUESTIONS
Basic Pattern Drafting: Home Economics for JSS 1-3 by Anyakoha. Pages 238-244.
Home economics New Concept book 2 by Popoola O.O. pages143-150.
Construct Bodice block and skirt block.
© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023