SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 2
TERM: 2nd TERM
- HOME ECONOMICS FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS 1-3 BY ELIZABETH U. ANYAKOHA.
- HOME ECONOMICS NEW CONCEPT BOOK 2 BY POPOOLA O.O.
TOPIC: BODY MEASUREMENT AND BASIC PATTERN DRAFTING
- Tools for taking body measurements
- Guidelines for taking body measurement
- Basic body measurement
- Patterns and types
Accurate body measurements are needed to make garments. Wrong measurements will result in ill-fitting garments.
TOOLS FOR TAKING BODY MEASUREMENTS
- Tape measure: for measuring parts of the body.
- Pencil/pen: for writing down the measurements.
- Paper: for recording the measurements.
- A string: to be tied around the natural waistline.
GUIDELINES FOR TAKING BODY MEASUREMENTS
- Take measurements over close-fitting garments or under garment. Wear flat shoes.
- For accurate measurements, let a friend take your body measurements for you.
- Record each measurement as soon as it is made.
- Use a tape measure that does not stretch.
- Measure accurately. Avoid adding to or taking from the actual body measurements.
- Stand erect when taking body measurements.
- List four tools for taking body measurements.
- State three guidelines for taking body measurements.
BASIC BODY MEASUREMENT
The basic body measurements required for making a dress are:
- a) Bust/chest- measurement around the fullest part of the bust/chest.
- b) Bust point- it is taken from the waist to under bust. It is used to determine the angle and position of bust darts.
- c) Front width- measure from one underarm to the other across the chest, approximately 4cm below neck base.
- d) Front length-measure from the neck end of the shoulder to the string tie around the waist.
- e) Back width- measure across the back from one under arm to the other.
- f) Back length- measure from nape to the centre waist.
- g) Shoulder- measure from the side of the neck to the shoulder bone.
- a) Arm length (short sleeve) - measure with arm bent from end of shoulder to point of elbow.
,, (long sleeve) – measure with arm bent from end of shoulder to wrist bone.
- b) Upper arm circumference- measure around the widest part of the upper arm (short sleeve).
- c) Wrist circumference- measure around the wrist below wrist bone (long sleeve).
- a) Waist- measure around the natural waist line.
- b) Hip- measures the widest part of the body below the waist. The measurement is usually between 18cm and 23cm below waist line depending on the figure type.
- c) Front length- measure from centre front from waist to the ground.
- d) Back length- measure from waist tape at centre back to the ground.
- e) Side length- measure from waist tape at the side to the ground.
- What is body measurement?
- List and explain three measurements for a skirt.
Patterns for clothing construction are shapes of garment parts, cut out with paper.
USES OF PATTERN IN GERMENT CONTRUTION
- Patterns are used to direct or guide the cutting of fabric.
- They prevent serious mistakes in garment making.
- They prevent waste of time in garment making.
- They prevent waste of fabric.
- They make sewing easy.
- They reduce trial and error in sewing.
TYPES OF PATTERNS
- COMMERCIAL PATTERNS: These are patterns that are designed and made by experts to fit standard figure types using specific body measurements. They are available in different sizes. They are sold in special pattern envelopes.
Advantages of Commercial Pattern
- a) They are easy to use because they are sold with instructions on how to use.
- b) They provide quick service as the users will not have to waste time calculating how to draft.
- c) They have instruction sheets which show how to cut and make up the garment.
- d) They save time and reduce mistake in garment making.
Disadvantages of Commercial Pattern
- a) It is not easily available.
- b) They are very expensive.
- c) They are light and can tear easily.
- d) They often require alteration or adjustment to fit the user’s size.
- DRAFTED PATTERN: It is also called as self- made pattern, because it is made to fit a particular person. A person’s body measurements are first taken, then the pattern is drafted to fit his/her size.
Advantages of Drafted Pattern
- a) It is cheaper than commercial pattern
- b) It can be adapted to any type of style.
- c) It may not require adjustment if properly made.
- d) It can be made to fit a person perfectly.
- e) It does not require alteration.
Disadvantage of Drafted Pattern
- a) It is only useful for a single person whose body measurement was used.
- b) Pattern drafting requires special skill.
GENERAL EVALUATION QUESTIONS
- Differentiate between drafted and commercial patterns.
- List five guidelines for taking body measurements.
- State four uses of patterns in garment construction.
- List and explain two methods of garment repair.
- State five general guidelines in maintaining household linen.
Body Measurement and Pattern drafting: Home Economics for JSS 1-3 by Elizabeth U. Anyakoha. Pages 236-238.
Home Economics New Concept book 2 by Popoola. O.O. Pages 137-142.
- The use of one of the following prevents serious mistakes in dress making
- Styles B. Patterns C. Seams D. Fashion.
- Body measurement should be taken over _________
- tight-fitting garment B. loose gown C. high-heeled shoes D. loose-fitting garment
- Which of the following is not a tool for taking body measurement?
- Tape measure B. Pencil C. French curve D. String.
- Which of the following are used as guides in garment construction?
- Thread B. Brown paper C. pencil D. Patterns
- Measurement for bodice include the following except ____ A. bust B. hip C. shoulder D. front width.
- State three guidelines for taking body measurement.
- State two disadvantages of commercial patterns.