SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 2
TERM: 2nd TERM
- HOME ECONOMICS FOR JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS 1-3 BY ELIZABETH U. ANYAKOHA.
- HOME ECONOMICS NEW CONCEPT BOOK 2 BY POPOOLA O.O.
TOPIC: ADOLESCENCE AND SEXUALITY
- MEANING OF ADOLESCENCE
- CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENCE
- SPECIAL NEEDS AND CHALLENGES
- MEANING AND EXPRESSION OF SEXUALITY
Adolescence is the period in every person’s life that lies between the end of childhood and the beginning of adulthood. It is a period of life when you prepare to be an adult. An adolescent is a boy or girl that is passing through the adolescent period.
CHARACTERISTICS OF ADOLESCENCE
The adolescent boys or girls generally:
- Feel hungry easily. This is because they are growing fast and therefore need extra food.
- They try to gain independence from they parents.
- They may bother about their appearance.
- Adolescents could start being attracted to the opposite sex.
- The boy or girl has an outlook of adulthood and not that of a child.
- They could show concern about their future.
- Adolescents have emotional changes, being anxious, moody or irritable.
- Some may be aggressive and not submissive
SPECIAL NEEDS AND CHALLENGES OF ADOLESCENT
- Adjustment: They have problem adjusting to their physical changes. At this time, they are often uncomfortable, and anxious.
- Peer pressure: They always want to go along with their peers in area of dressing and expression of sexuality.
- Physical needs: These arise as a result of the physical changes in them. For instance, they need new clothes to replace out grown ones, brassiere as their breasts develop, etc.
- Independence: They often want to do things their own way. They dislike being directed by an elder.
- Status problem: They want to behave like adults yet they are not fully adults. For instance girls may try putting on make-ups, boys may try to smoke.
- Need for Achievement: Adolescents want to excel. When they fail, they become unhappy.
- Parental understanding and support: Parents should understand what their adolescent children are passing through. They should also provide for their needs and be more tolerate.
- State three characteristics of adolescence.
- State three special needs and challenges of adolescent.
MEANING AND EXPRESSION OF SEXUALITY
Sexuality refers to having interest in or engaging in reproductive act between a male and a female.
Sexuality is expressed by both male and female through:
- Exchange of gifts between the opposite sexes. Such gifts may be as snacks, some express words of love.
- Some go to the extent of touching others with their lips (kisses).
- Being attracted to one another or falling in love with an opposite sex.
- Caresses: boys especially love and enjoy touching or holding the opposite sex while moving or discussing. Some girls enjoy doing same.
Sexuality Related information can be obtained through:
- Reading of novel
- Watching film of interest
- Watching videos
- Engaging in or listening to discussion among peers, parents, radios etc.
- Reading newspapers and magazines
GENERAL EVALUATION QUESTIONS
- Explain some of the challenges that adolescent can face.
- Explain two ways sexuality can be expressed.
- Explain three responsibilities of a good homemaker.
- Narrate two qualities of a good homemaker.
- Mention three ways of resolving conflicts in the family.
Adolescence and sexuality: Essentials of Home Economics by Ngozi and others. Pages 5-8.
Home Economics by Anyakoha. Pages 134 -136.
- Adolescence period is a period of __________
- multiplication B. becoming an adult C. full maturation D. grown-up
- The following are the characteristics of adolescents except ________
- bother about their appearance B. attracted to opposite sex C. concern about their future
- bother about living.
- Sexuality related information can be obtained through the following ways except _________
- siblings B. sleeping and resting C. reading novels D. parent
- ____________ is not an adolescent challenges.
- Sleeping B. Peer pressure C. Status problem D. Independence
- An adolescent is ________ passing through adolescence period.
- man or woman B. boy or girl C. old or young D. girl.
- List three areas where sexuality related information can be obtained.
- Explain two characteristics in adolescent boys and girls.