Date: 16th-20th of January 2023
Class: JSS 2
Term: 2nd Term
Subject: Agricultural Science
Topic: Classification of Feeds
Duration: 45 minutes
Teaching Aid: A chart
Reference Book: WABP Junior secondary Agriculture for Nigerian School 1 by Anthony Youdeowei et al
Behavioural Objective: By the end of this topic, students should be able to
- Classify animal feeds
Step 1: Teacher revises last topic
Step 2: Teacher introduces and explains new topic
Step 3: Teacher writes note on the board
Step 4: Teacher evaluates students
Step 5: Teacher marks students' notes and give assignment
Previous knowledge: Students have been taught types of animal feeds
CLASSIFICATION OF FEED
Animals feed can be classified according to the nutrients they supply into the following:
- Carbohydrates: these provide energy to farm animals for their activities such as growth, reproduction and milk production. Examples include maize, rice, millet.
- Protein: This is needed for growth and repair of worn-out tissues and fro production of antibodies. Examples of protein are fishmeal, bone meal, poultry offal, soya bean meal, groundnut cake, palm kernel cake and others.
- Fats and oil: This supply energy and keep the body temperature under control.�� Fats include palm oil, coconut meal, lard, cotton meal cake and so on.
- Minerals: These help to carry out vital body functions such as bone and teeth formation, blood clothing, egg shell formation and so on. Minerals include calcium, iron, phosphorus, iodine, potassium and others.
- Vitamins: These are required for proper growth and development of animal.�� They help to keep the animal healthy. Examples are vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K.
- Water: This is constituent of body fluid. It helps to regulate body temperature, digest (breakdown) food and lubricate joints.
Evaluation: How important is carbohydrates on animal feeds?
Assignment: Classify animal feed stuff under the classes of feed