Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 2

Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /f/ and /v/





  1. Oral English for Schools and Colleges (Revised Edition) by San Onugbo, M.A. Ife
  2. Basic English Book 4 HarbensKaur
  3. Silver Burdett English Centennial Edition by Betty G. Gray et al
  4. Contemporary English Grammar by JayanthuDakshina Murthy, ed by Indu mala Ghosh et al.
  5. Exam  Focus English for JSCE by Bolajiaremo et al.
  6. Evans Effective English JSS 2 Revised Edition by Michael Montgomery et al.
  7. New Oxford Secondary English Corse book for JS 2 by Ayo Banjo et al.
  8. New Student’s Companioned by Chris Talbot.





  • Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /f/ and /v/
  • Grammar: Conjunctions
  • Reading Comprehension: Extracts from ‘Things Fall Apart’
  • Vocabulary Development: Newspaper page 235
  • Writing: Informal Letter
  • Literature: More on Figures of Speech




  • Topic: Consonant


Content: Consonant contrast /f/ and /v/

/f/        /v/

fan        van

fat        vat

fine        vine

fast        vast

few        view

fault        vault

ferry        very

safe        save

staff        starve

belief        believe

strife        strive


Evaluation: Write ten examples for each sound.


Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 143-144



  • Topic: Parts of Speech


Content: Conjunction

A conjunction is a word used to join expressions. Expressions joined together by conjunctions are words, phrases and clauses. Examples: 

There are three main kinds.

Coordinating, correlative, subordinating conjunctions


  1. Coordinating conjunctions join groups of similar words and sentences e.g and, but, or


    They want John and Tina. (two words)

    They have finally finished and will soon leave. (two main clauses).

    They played their best but they did not win. (two main clauses).

    Hussein and Musa are good swimmers. (two words)


  1. Correlative conjunctions are made up of pairs of words. They join individual words or groups of words. Examples: either------ or, neither-----nor, both-------and, not only------but also hardly-------when, no sooner-------than etc.


Lost in the desert, we had neither food nor water.

The crowd likes both my paintings and my sculpture.

The machine not only picks the peas but also shells them.

EitherNgoziorUsman is acceptable.

I had hardly reached home when the phone began ringing.

We had no sooner started for the cinema than our uncle arrived.


  1. Subordinating conjunctions are used to join clauses of unequal rank. They join subordinate clauses to main clauses. Examples after, before, since, until, when, while, now that, as, where, because, although, even, if, as though, in order that, last, so that, except that, unless etc.


    After I had finished my work, I took a nap.

    I like listening to music while I read.

    They were angry because the group last without them.

The baby cries although he has just been fed.

He acts as if he owns this company.

Watch out for the step last you trip.

Let me know if you can’t make it to the practice.

Although I was angry, I didn’t show it.


Evaluation: Make sentences with these conjunctions: besides, since, when, therefore, until.


Reading Assignment: The New Student’s companion page 115 – 117.


  • Topic: Reading Comprehension


Content: An Extract from ‘Things Fall Apart’

The passage is an extract from Achebe’s Things Fall Aprt. Okonkwo has just taken part in the killing of Ikemefuna, his adopted son. The oracle of the village has said that the boy must die but one of the elders tells okonkwo that he ought not to take part in his son’s death.


Evaluation: Practice 2 (1 – 10) Effective English JS 2 page 92.



  • Topic: Vocabulary Development


Content: Words to do with Newspaper page 235

The press means the newspapers, magazines and the people who produce them

Proprietor: The owner of a newspaper. He/She employs an editor to run it for him.

An Editor is in charge of the day- to-day work of the paper.

Journalists are people who work in various ways to produce the text of the newspaper. They include: reporters who go out to collect stories and items of news and correspondents who specialize in one kind of topic or in one area.

Column is the text of a newspaper printed in columnsrunning down the page. Sometimes, a journalist writes a daily or weekly article that appears in roughly the same position in each issue of the paper, this journalist is called a columnist.


Evaluation: Practice 4 (1-7) Effective English JS 2 page 236


Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 page 235-236



  • Topic: Writing


Content: Informal Letter

In week 5, you are taught an informal letter and its features. Your task inthis lesson is to write an informal letter to your daddy. 


Evaluation: Write a letter to your daddy on why you like your newschool


ReadingAssignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 6 -14



  • Topic: Literary Devices


Content: Figures of Speech

  1. Onomatopoeia is a word that echoes or imitates the sounds of the things they represent. Examples: cuckoo, crash, squeak, sizzle, shuffling, rustling, squish, creaking etc.
  2. Euphemism: This is the presentation of unpleasant thing in a pleasant way. 

Examples: The king has joined  his ancestors. (died)

The mad woman has been put in the family way. (madepregnant).

  1. Antithesis: This is the choice and arrangement of words to emphasize contrast. Examples:             Man proposes and God disposes

I toil day and night.

  1. Oxymoron: Words of oppositemeaning or suggestion are used together with one serving as a qualifier for the other.

Examples: A wise fool.

        A bitter sweet experience.

        Panting is a sweet sorrow.

        Death is a cruel kindness.

        Her pregnancy is an open secret.

  1. Apostrophe: This is essentially an address to an absent person, a dead person or non- living thing. Examples: O death! Where is thy sting?


Evaluation: Write out two examples for each figure of speech taught.


Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 157


General Evaluation (Revision)

Combine the following pairs of  sentences using the conjunctions: and, or, but

  1. I like fish. I love steak.
  2. Mom called the doctor. He recommended rest.
  3. You can go to Lekki. You can stay home.
  4. Just listen to me. Please don’t criticize.
  5. I enjoy sailing. Scuba diving is more fun.



  1. Fill in the blank space in each of the following sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets in front of each sentence.
  1.  I ____ the book in the shelf last week. (put)
  2. A snake____ the boy last week (bite).
  3. My teacher _____ me yesterday. (teach)
  4. He was ____ when I saw him. (eat)
  5. He has ____like a fish. (swim)


  1. The New Student’s Companion by Chris Talbat page 118 – 119 Exercise 21 (A-H)


© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023