Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 2

Vowel Contrast





  1. Oral English for Schools and Colleges (Revised Edition) by San Onugbo, M.A. Ife
  2. Basic English Book 4 HarbensKaur
  3. Silver Burdett English Centennial Edition by Betty G. Gray et al
  4. Contemporary English Grammar by JayanthuDakshina Murthy, ed by Indu mala Ghosh et al.
  5. Exam  Focus English for JSCE by Bolajiaremo et al.
  6. Evans Effective English JSS 2 Revised Edition by Michael Montgomery et al.
  7. New Oxford Secondary English Corse book for JS 2 by Ayo Banjo et al.
  8. New Student’s Companioned by Chris Talbot.





  • Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /iә/ and /eә/
  • Grammar: More on Active and Passive Voice
  • Comprehension: The Process of Growing Rice.
  • Vocabulary Development: Health


  1. Writing: Elements of composition
  • Topic: Vowel Contrast


Content:     /iә/                /eә/

        sheer                share/seer

        cheer                chair

        fear                fare

        beer                bear/bare

        tier                tear

        deer/dear                                dare

        peer                pear/pair/pare

here                                         there


Evaluation: Write out ten pairs for the sounds.


Reading Assignment: Oral English for Schools and Colleges by Sam Onuigbo, pages 20-29


  1. Topic: More on Active and Passive Voice

Content: Definition and Examples

A sentence is in the active voice when the subject of the doer of the action is at the beginning of the sentence.


  1. The dog bit me.
  2. She gave me some fruits
  3. Grandmother told us an interesting story.
  4. I am kicking a ball.


A sentence is in the passive voice when the object or receiver of the action is at the beginning of a sentence. Sometimes the subjects may be left out if it is not important or not known.


I was bitten by the dog

I have been robbed!

We were told to sit down and keep quiet.

A ball is being kicked by me.


Evaluation: Write out five sentences in the active voice and change them to passive voice.


Reading Assignment: English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun page 65- 68


  1. Topic: Comprehension

Content: The Process of Growing Rice page 38 – 39

This passage discusses the process of growing rice. A nursery is made for the seedlings before they are planted. A nursery is aplace where seedlings are raised or grown before they are transplanted.


Evaluation: Effective English JS2, p 3,Practice 2


Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2, page 39


  1. Topic: Vocabulary Development

Content: Health p 94 – 95

Health is the condition of a person’s body or mind. It is also the state of being physically and mentally healthy.

Words to do with health are:

Clinic: A small hospital where treatment is given.

Dispensary: A room where medicines are given out.

Surgeon: A doctor who performs operations.

A specialist: A doctor who specializes in one branch of medicine.

Patient: A person who receives care from a doctor.

Pediatrician: A specialist for children’s disease

Pharmacy: A section where medicines are bought.


Evaluation: Write out twenty words to do with health.

Reading Assignment: Exam focus English JSCE page 118 – 119; Effective English JS 2 page 102


  1. Topic: Writing

Content: Elements of Composition

Composition is also known as continuous writing which involves the use of a lot of sentences to express an idea, one’s opinion or explain a concept.


A composition has a beginning, middle and an end. These parts have specific names- the introduction, the body and the conclusion.


An introduction has two important jobs. First, it should capture the reader’s interest and tell what the entire composition is about. It is the first paragraph of the composition. The sentence that states the central idea of the composition is called the thesis statement.  This helps the writer focus on the main point. It provides the central idea that all other ideas in the composition must relate to closely. 


The body contains paragraphs that tell more about the central idea. It may consist of any number of paragraphs that prove or illustrate the thesis statement. In the body, a writer uses supporting paragraphs to provide more information about the thesis statement. The length of the body may vary. The writer may need only two paragraphs to explain the central idea or four or five paragraphs to make the idea clear. The body is always the longest section.


The conclusion ties all the ideas in the composition together. It restates the central idea and may summarise supporting ideas. It should signal completion.



Introduction            Introduction( with thesis statement)

        Supporting paragraph

Body                Supporting paragraph

                Supporting paragraph


Conclusion            Conclusion   


Evaluation: Write four supporting paragraphs for this thesis statement: Friendship is important for many reasons.


Reading Assignment: Effective English JS2, page 79



  1. Write out the following sentences into the passive voice:
  1. Yinka scolded the boy for fighting in class.
  2. The fisherman caught a lot of fish yesterday.
  3. I am sure Akpan took my pen by mistake
  4. Our principal usually gives a short speech dating assembly.
  5. The hungry children ate the food.


  1. Exam focus English JSCE page 19 Revision Exercise 13.8

Weekend Assignment

Effective English JS 2 Page 103 Practice 2, and page 127 Practice 3.


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