SUBJECT: BASIC TECHNOLOGY
CLASS: JSS 2
- MELROSE, Basic Science and Technology, Book 2
- NERDC, Basic Technology for JSS, Book 2
TOPIC: RESCUE OPERATIONS
- Meaning of Rescue Operations
- Objectives of Rescue Operations
- Types of Rescue Operations
- Rescue Operation Situations
- Materials used in Rescue Operations
MEANING OF RESCUE OPERATION
Rescue operations are responsive operations organized to save people or a person from dangerous situation or prevention of injury during an accident. Rescue operations are carried out by trained firemen, police, military, first aid or ambulance attendants.
OBJECTIVES OF RESCUE OPERATIONS
- To save lives.
- To prevent injury during an accident or dangerous situation.
TYPES OF RESCUE OPERATIONS
- Air-Sea Rescue (ASR): This is the coordinated search and rescue of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived shipwreck or boat mishap.
- Combat search and rescue (CSAR): This is the search and rescue operations that are carried out during war that are within or near combat zone.
- Mine rescue; is the specialized job of rescuing miners and others who are trapped or injured in underground mines after mine accidents.
- Cave rescue: is the operation involved in rescuing people trapped, lost or injured in wilderness or cave.
- Surface-water rescue: is the rescue of a person who is afloat on the surface of a body of water.
- Vehicle extrication: is the process of removing vehicle from around a person who has been involved in a motor accident.
- Confined space rescue: It involves the rescue and recovery of victims trapped in a confined space like tanks, sewers and underground vaults.
- Urban search and rescue: It involves the location, extrication and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in collapsed buildings or trenches.
- What are rescue operations?
- What is vehicle extrication?
RESCUE OPERATION SITUATIONS
- Fire outbreak
- shipwreck or boat mishap
- plane crash
- Mine accidents
- Bomb blast
- Road accident
- Collapsed buildings
- Natural disaster e.g earthquakes, landslides etc
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT USED IN RESCUE OPERATIONS
- Search and rescue dogs
- Mounted search and rescue horses
- The “jaws of life”
- Hydraulic cutting and spreading tools used to extricate individuals from wrecked vehicles
- heavy rescue vehicles
- Air bags
- High lift jack etc
- Fire extinguisher
- Mention five (5) situations that required rescue operations
- State ten (10) tools used in rescue operations
- Describe ASR.
- Mention four persons trained to help in rescue operations.
Read “Uses of wood and metals “
- MELROSE, Basic Science and Technology, Book 2 page 59-62
- NERDC, Basic Technology for JSS, Book 2, pages 16 – 22
- What rescue operation is right for someone trapped in a vault? (a) cave rescue (b) confined space rescue (c) surface-water rescue (d) ASR
- What do we call the rescue of people trapped in a collapsed building? (a) CSAR (b) mine rescue (c) urban search and rescue (d) confined space rescue
- ______ is used to extricate individuals from wrecked vehicles (a) Helicopters (b) Rescue dogs (c) Ambulance (d) Hydraulic cutting and spreading tools
- Which of the following does not require rescue operations (a) collapsed building (b) fire outbreak (c) phone calls(d) natural disasters
- -------- is the coordinated search and rescue of emergency water landings as well as people who have survived shipwreck or boat mishap (a) ASR (b) CSAR (c) Cave rescue (d) RRS
- (a) What are rescue operations?
(b) Explain “Vehicle extrication”
- State the function of the following in rescue operations:
(a) rescue dogs (b) ambulance