SUBJECT: PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION
CLASS: JSS 1
TERM: 3rd TERM
TOPIC: History of Soccer
The game of soccer which is popularly thought to have originated in England dates back to the 10th century. However, there is considerable evidence to show that a form of soccer was played by the Romans who learnt it from the Greeks.
The game was also introduced to United States of America around 1870. The English called it association football while the Americans called it soccer. The beginning of international Football started in 1872, between England and Scotland in Glasgow.
The first World Cup Championship was organized in 1930 in Uruguay, South America, where thirteen (13) countries participated.
Since then, soccer has become a household name and World Championship.
Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) was founded on the 21st May, 1904 with Guerin as the first president, with the responsibilities of overseeing the game Worldwide.
The headquarters is situated in Zurich, Switzerland.
Origin of the Game in Nigeria
The game was brought to Nigeria by the colonial masters in the early 19thcentury, the British sailors that made stopover in Nigeria played the game as recreation.
In 1945, Nigeria Football Association (NFA) was founded till 2007 and Nigeria Football Federation (N.F.F) was formed in 2007 till date.
Dimension of the Soccer Pitch
The shape - Rectangular
The side/touchline - 100m – 120m
The goal line - 75m – 90m
The goal area - 5.5m by 18.32m
The penalty area - 16.5m by 40.32m
The radii of circles - 9.15m
The penalty spot to the goal line 11m
The height of the goal post - 2.44m
The length of the cross bar - 7.32m
The radii of corner arches - 1m
The corner flag post - 1.5m
The Facilities in Soccer
The Equipment in Soccer
The Skills and Techniques
The Officials in Soccer
Read pages 54 – 63 of Essentials of Physical and Health Education for J.S.S 1 Bk. 1
GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS
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