# Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 1

BASIC COMPONENTS OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

SUBJECT:  BASIC TECHNOLOGY

CLASS:  JSS1

DATE:

TERM: 3RD TERM

REFERENCE MATERIALS

• MELROSE, Basic Science and Technology Book 1
• NERDC, Basic Technology for JSS, Book 1

WEEK EIGHT

TOPIC: BASIC COMPONENTS OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

CONTENT

• Electric circuits
• Basic components of electric circuit
• Arrangement of electric circuit

ELECTRIC CIRCUITS

Electric circuit can be defined as the path provided for easy flow of electric current.  It is for conversion of the electric current into useful purposes such as lighting and heating.  Electric circuit is connected or fitted with devices that control and measure the current and energy used in the process.

Simple electric circuit

BASIC COMPONENTS OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

THE CELL OR BATTERY: The cell or battery is to push the free electrons round the circuit.  The work done when one coulomb of charge moves from one point to the other in the conductor is known as potential difference (p.d).  It is measured in volt.  The instrument used for measuring the potential difference is called the voltmeter (v).The ammeter (A) is used to measure the current flow.  Current is represented by the symbol I and it is measured in Amperes.  The instrument used for measuring current is called the ammeter.

RESISTANCE AND E.MF

RESISTOR: This is a component that opposes the free flow of electrons in the circuit.  Resistance (R) is measured in Ohms (Î) using Ohmmeter.

E.M.F (Electromotive force):   this is the force that moves the electrons in the circuit.  It is represented with V and measured in voltage using a voltmeter.  It is the force that moves the current round electric circuit

SOURCES OF E.M.F

1. Dry cell or primary cell (1.5V each)
2. Wet cell or secondary cell (12V each)

ARRANGEMENT OF ELECTRIC CIRCUIT

Electric circuits can be arranged in the following ways

1. Series arrangement (ii) parallel arrangement (iii) combination of series and parallel arrangement
2. Series Arrangement

Parallel Arrangement

EVALUATION QUESTION

1. (a) Define an electric circuit (b) draw a simple electric circuit
2. State the instrument used in measuring (i) potential difference (ii) current
3. Define: (a) potential difference (b) E.M.F (c) state two source of E.M.F

Read more on electric circuit and its basic component (Intro Basic for JSS1- pg 107-108)

GENERAL EVALUATION

1. Mention 5 workshop  safety devices
2. Mention 5 drawing instruments and materials

WEEKEND ASSIGMENT

1. The instrument used in measuring the potential difference across the conductor is …… (a) ohmmeter (b) voltmeter (c )ammeter   (d) waltmeter
2. Resistance is measured in (a) ampere (b) volt (c) ohms (d) watt
3. We can measure resistance using ----------- (a) ammeter (b) ohmmeter (c) voltmeter
4. Which of the following is not possible in the arrangement of the electric circuit? (a) series (b) parallel   (c) buttress    (d) combination of series and parallel.
5. Which of the following is not a basic component of electric circuit (a) resistance (b) cell (c) current (d) capacitor

THEORY

1. State the unit of measurement and the instrument used in measuring the following (a) resistance (b) electric current (c) potential difference
1. How would you take care of file