SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 1
TERM: 3rd TERM
- Home Economics New Concept, book by Popoola O.O.
- Home Economics for Junior Secondary School book 1- 3 by Elizabeth U. Anyakaoha.
- Essential of Home Economics, book 1 by Fatima, Ngozi and others.
TOPIC: BASIC SEWING PROCESSES (EMBROIDERY OR DECORATIVE STITCHES)
Decorative stitches are other called embroidery stitches. They are made with colourful thread to produce decorative effect on garment. e.g. are fly stitch, chain stitch,button holes, French knot, herring-bone etc.
- Stem Stitch: This is used for outlining designs.
- Chain Stitch: This gives an appearance of even baste stitch at wrong side.
iii. Satin Stitch: This is used for filling design in making applique, etc.
- French Knots: This gives a seeded effect to a motif or design.
- Explain embroidery stitches.
- Differentiate between temporary, permanent add decorative stitches.
Seams are line of stitches that joins two or more pieces of material together. They are known as sewing lines. There are different types of seams. The type of fabric and garment determine the seam to be used. Seams could be made by hand or by machine.
TYPES OF SEAM
- Run and Fell Seam: This is a flat seam used for under garment. It is also used for attaching lace trimming.
- Join the two pieces of garment with wrong sides together
- Remove tacking and trim one side to half seam allowance
iii. Fold the longer seam allowance over the shorter one and tack and then stitch thoroughly.
- Remove the tacking and press flat.
- French Seam: It is suitable for flimsy materials and children garment. It is stitched first with the two wrongs sides together and then turned to the right side, tack and stitch on the stitching line. Remove tacking and press.
- Open Seam:This is the stitching of two pieces of material together after which the seam is pressed open. It has very little bulk and it could be neatened by one of the following:
(i)Edge stitched (ii) Over-casting (iii) Loop stitching.
- Define seams.
- Differentiate between a stitch and a seam.
- Mention the two types of domestic violence
- What is Home economics?
- Mention five responsibilities of the family.
Essentials of Home Economics Book 1 by Ayo and others pages 62-65.
PROJECT: Make a stitch album (decorative stitches).
WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT (SECTION A)
- Decorative stitches are also called (a) embroidery (b)permanent (c)temporary (d) French seam.
- The type of stitch used for filling design in making applique is (a) french knot (b) satin stitch (c) chain stitch (d) herringbone stitch.
3Which of the decorative stitches give a seeded effect to a motif or design? (a) French knot (b) Herringbone stitch (c) Satin stich (d) Chain stitch.
- ___ is an example of a seam (a) back seam (b)run and fell seam (c)hemming seam (d) knot seam.
- Which of the following seams is suitable for children’s wear (a)Run and fell seam (b) French (c)Open seam (d) Stem seam.
- Explain two types of seams.
- Mention and explain the three types of stitches with an example each.