SUBJECT: HOME ECONOMICS
CLASS: JSS 1
TERM: 3rd TERM
- Home Economics New Concept, book by Popoola O.O.
- Home Economics for Junior Secondary School book 1- 3 by Elizabeth U. Anyakaoha.
- Essential of Home Economics, book 1 by Fatima, Ngozi and others.
TOPIC: BASIC SEWING PROCESSES (TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT STITCHES).
Stitching is the process of passing a threaded needle in and out of a material to mend, join and decorate it. The design produced is known as stitches
IMPORTANCE OF STITCHES IN CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION
- They are used to join two or more piece of fabric together.
- They are used to decorate articles.
- They are used to mend tears in clothes.
TYPES OF STITCHES
- Temporary stitches
- Permanent stitches
- Decoration stitches
- Define stitches.
- Mention three types of stitches.
These are the basic stitches done with the hand or a sewing machine. It is made and removed after the permanent stitches have been made.
- Even Stitching: The stitches and spaces between them are equal. You work from right to left and begin with a knotted thread.
- Uneven Basting: This is made up of short and long stitches.
iii. Diagonal Basting: This is useful for holding together two or more layers of materials to prevent them from slipping out of position until final stitching is completed.
- Tailor’s Tacks: These are used for transferring pattern marking to two pieces of fabric at the same time. They are only suitable for thick strong cloth.
These are used for joining two or more pieces of fabric together permanently. The thread used should match the fabric in terms of colour and texture. e.g. are back stitch, runningstitch, over sewing, and hemming stitch.
- Running Stitches: This is used in making or in joining two pieces of material.
- Back Stitches: This is a strong hand stitch that is used in place of straight machine stitching.
iii. Over-sewing Stitch: This is a strong fine light stitch used to join finished edges together.This is a slanting stitch used to hold down herms. It is worked on the wrong side of the garment.
- Define stitches.
- Mention three types of stitches with one example each.
- Mention three feet disease.
- Explain the treatment of sting.
- Differentiate between family needs and wants.
Essentials of Home Economics Book 1 by Ayo and others pages 62-65.
PROJECT: Making a stitch album (temporary and permanent).
WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT (SECTION A)
- ___ is a type of stitch used to transfer information on two pieces of fabric at the same time
(a) diagonal basting (b) french knot (c) tailor’s tack (d) satin stitch.
- ___ are used to join two or more fabrics together (a) seams (b) stitches (c) neaten (d) weaving.
- Permanent stitches includes___ (a) tack stitches (b) running stitches(c) satin stitches (d) french knot.
- ___ is a stitch made with the hand or a sewing machine which is replaced after the permanent stitches have been made (a) decorative stitch (b) satin stitch (c) permanent stitch (d) temporary stitch.
- ____ is a strong fine light stitch used to join finished edges together (a) over stitching (b) over laid stitch (d) over joined stitch (d) over sewing stitch.
- Explain three types of temporary and permanent stitches each.
- Mention the importance of stitches.