SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE
TERM: 3RD TERM
WEEK ONE: REVISION
Identifying Types of Nouns
Identify the nouns in the following sentences
Identifying Types of Pronouns
Identify the pronouns in the sentences below and state their types.
Identifying Types of Verbs
Identify the verbs in the sentences below and state their types.
English Work book No 4 and 6 Pages 39 - 40
GRAMMAR Verb ( Introduction)
What is a Verb?
A verb is one of the main parts of a sentence or question in English.
In fact, you can’t have a sentence or a question without a verb! That’s how important these “action” parts of speech are.
The verb signals an action, an occurrence, or a state of being. Whether mental, physical, or mechanical, verbs always express.
Physical Verbs – Definition and Examples
Physical verbs are action verbs. They describe specific physical actions. If you can create a motion with your body or use a tool to complete an action, the word you use to describe it is most likely a physical verb.
Physical Verb Examples
The physical verb examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
Mental Verbs – Definition and Examples
Mental verbs have meanings that are related to concepts such as discovering, understanding, thinking, or planning. In general, a mental verb refers to a cognitive state.
Mental Verb Examples
The mental verb examples in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
States of Being Verbs – Definition and Examples.
They are also known as linking verbs: State of Being Verbs describe conditions or situations that exist. State of being verbs are inactive since no action is being performed. These verbs are usually complemented by adjectives.
States of Being Verb Examples.
The state of being verbs in the following sentences are in bold for easy identification.
Types of Verbs
How many types of verbs are there? In addition to the main categories of physical verbs, mental verbs, and state of being verbs, there are several other types of verbs. In fact, there are more than ten different types of verbs that are grouped by function.
Action verbs express specific actions, and are used any time you want to show action or discuss someone doing something. Example: dance, sleep etc.E.gI am dancing.
These verbs always have direct objects.It means someone or something receives the action of the verb.
These are verbs that do not have direct object.
Auxiliary verbs are also known as helping verbs, and are used together with a main verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a question or negative.
Stative verbs are verbs that cannot be used in the progressive continuous form. They can be recognized because they express a state rather than an action. They typically relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being, and measurements. Examples: hear, smell, feel, understand, see etc.
Examples: (i) I am hearing you (wrong)
I can hear you (right)
(ii) Are you understanding me? (wrong)
Do you understand me? (right)
Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that are used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligations.Examples : would, need, ought, will, shall etc. I will visit you later
Phrasal verbs are not single words; instead, they are combinations of verbs and prepositions and adverbs to take on a different meaning to that of the original verb. Examples: put off, sit up etc. You need to sit up academically.
Irregular verbs are those that do not take on the regular spelling patterns of past simple and past participle verbs as they do not end in ‘ed’ in their past simple and past participle forms. Example: sleep, slept, slept. I slept soundly last night
READING ASSIGNMENT: Verbs
References: English Grammar
TOPIC: Composition – Descriptive Essay.
How to Write a Descriptive Essay
More than many other types of essays, descriptive essays strive to create a deeply involved and vivid experience for the reader. Great descriptive essays achieve this effect not through facts and statistics but by using detailed observations and descriptions.
What do you want to describe?
As you get started on your descriptive essay, it's important for you to identify exactly what you want to describe. Often, a descriptive essay will focus on portraying one of the following:
Ultimately, whatever you can perceive
My Favorite Horse Show
As the first rays of the sun peak over the horizon, penetrating the dark, soft light illuminates the mist rising up from the ground, forming an eerie, almost surreal landscape. The ground sparkles, wet with dew, and while walking from the truck to the barn, my riding boots soak it in. The crickets still chirp, only slower now. They know that daytime fast approaches. Sounds, the soft rustling of hooves, a snort, and from far down the aisle a sharp whinny that begs for breakfast, inform me that the crickets are not the only ones preparing for the day.
Sliding the barn doors open, I step into a warm, comforting environment. Musty straw mingles with the sharp aroma of pine shavings, complementing each other. A warm glow from sporadically placed incandescent lightbulbs richens the leather tack, all cleaned and hanging ready for the day's use. From it wafts the smell of a new pair of shoes. The fruity essence of "Show Sheen", applied after yesterday's baths, still lingers in the air. Even the harsh stinging scent of urine and manure is welcome at this early morning hour. Breaking open a bale of hay, I sense the sweetness of the dried timothy as it engulfs my olfactory system, making me wish my queasy stomach had not made me skip breakfast. I am nervous, as are many others. I know that the day ahead will bring excitement, dread, triumph, and defeat. The unpredictable nature of horse shows causes frenzied questions, like salmon spawning, to run constantly though my mind. Will the judge like my own particular style? What if the red flowers bordering the first jump spook my horse? What if a piece of paper on the ground blows into the ring? Will this horse show be a success? The outcome depends not just on me; but a...
EVALUATION: Study the descriptive essay above and write your own.
TOPIC: SPEECH WORK
The word ‘diphthong’ is from a Greek word, which means double sound. Diphthongs are also vowels. The difference is that while a pure vowel contains only only one sound (monothong), a diphthong contains two vowel sounds with a glide from first vowel to the next. Examples:
/ei/ as found in rain, cake, fake, pay, etc.
/á¶u/ as found in spoke, go, home, etc.
/ai/ as found in fight, bite, cite, kite, etc.
/au/ as found in cow, house, plough, bound, etc.
/á´i/ as found in foil, joy, toy, boy, etc.
/iá¶/ as found in hear, beer, here, etc.
/ea/ as found in spear, hair, care, swear
/uá¶/ as found in tour, poor, sure, etc.
EVALUATION: In the words below, identify the diphthongs:
bay, ago, huge, bone, choice, coy, high.
CONTENT: See Effective English, book 1. Unit 15. Page 194-195
EVALUATION: Practice 2
CONTENT: Use of the recommended prose text and poetry
EVALUATION: Study the recommended prose text and poetry
TOPIC: VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT
CONTENT: AIR TRANSPORT
EVALUATION: Use your dictionary to discover the meaning of the following
Fill in the blanks with the past or past participle form of the verb given in the brackets.
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