TERM: 2nd TERM
SUBJECT: BUSINESS STUDIES
CLASS: JSS 1
TOPIC: TYPES OF OCCUPATION
DEFINITIONS OF OCCUPATION
An occupation is what a person does in order to earn a living. Examples are teaching, law, trading, medicine, etc
DIVISION OR TYPES OF OCCUPATION;
There are five main divisions or types of occupation which are
These can be shown in diagram as follows
TYPES OF OCCUPATION
Extractive Manufacturing ConstructiveCommercialService
Agriculture Food processing Road building Banking Direct Indirect
Oil drilling Household goods Bridge building InsuranceLesson teacher Army
Mining Printing House building Warehousing family doctor police Housemaid Transportation Housemaid Street cleaner
Fishing Advertising Entertainer
Involves the occupation of those who extract or bring out raw materials and natural resources from the soil or sea. They include farming, fishing, hunting, etc. Extractive occupations are also classified under primary industry because they involve early stages of production.
This involves the turning of raw materials produced by the extractive industry into finished products for example raw materials are turned to sweets, shirts, orange juice, etc.
bridges, railways, etc.
COMMERCIAL OCCUPATION involves all the activities concerned with enabling products movefrom the factory to the final consumers. These include transporters, insurers, bankers. Warehouseworkers, etc
The occupations under this involves the given of special types of help or work to customers/clients.
These do not concern production of goods or visible items.
There are two divisions in this occupation – direct services and indirect services. Direct services are those paid for directly by the client to the service provider e.g a family pay, the lesson teacher directly for teaching a child, or pays a family doctor or housemaid. On the other hand, indirect services are rendered to the general public and are paid for by the government on behalf of the people. These include paying the soldier, the police, the street sweeper, etc by the government for the benefit of the people.
DIRECT SERVICES INDIRECT SERVICES
Rendered directly to an individual or a family Rendered mainly by civil servants and public servants
Services paid for directly by the beneficiary to the services are paid for by the government on behalf
Provider the people. ofthe people using the tax money paid in
WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT – SECTION A.
final consumers. A. Extractive occupation B. direct services occupation C. commercial occupation D. Manufacturing occupation
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