Date: 9th- 20th of January 2023
Class: JSS 1
Term: 2nd Term
Week: 1 & 2
Subject: Agricultural Science
Topic: Farm Animals
Duration: 45 minutes
Teaching Aid: A chart
Reference Book: WABP Junior secondary Agriculture for Nigerian School 1 by Anthony Youdeowei et al
Behavioural Objectives: By the end of this topic, students should be able to
- Define farm animals with examples
- Describe the forms of farm animals
Step 1: Teacher welcome students back to school
Step 2: Teacher introduces and explains new topic
Step 3: Teacher writes note on the board
Step 4: Teacher evaluates students
Step 5: Teacher marks students' notes and give assignment
Previous knowledge: Students have been taught livestock farming as a form of agriculture
Farm animals are animals reared by man for food, work, sports, protection and other domestic purposes. They are different from wild animals because they depend on man for food and protection and they always live close to human homes. The technical name for farm animals is LIVESTOCK
FORMS OF FARM ANIMALS
- WORK ANIMALS: These are animals used as a source of labour from doing farm work such as tilling the soil and carrying farm produce. Some breed of cattle are exceptional as work animals to perform certain farm operation. Other animals such as donkeys and camels are used to carry load from place to place
- DIARY ANIMALS: These are farm animals reared mainly for milk production. Some breed of cattle is the major dairy animals because they are good milk producers. However, sheep and goat can also be kept for milk production
- BEEF ANIMALS: These animals are kept for meat production, almost all farm animals are kept for the purpose of feeding on their flesh e.g. sheep, cattle, goat, pig, poultry and fish all produce flesh eaten as food for man.
- GUARD ANIMALS: These animals are kept for security purpose for instance dogs are kept to protect his owners and guard his properties or farm compound. They can be trained to track down thieves.
- POULTRY (BIRD): These are domesticated bird. They produce meat and eggs used as food. The common of poultry are chicken, duck, guinea fowl, turkey and geese
- PET ANIMALS: These are animals kept in houses as pet. They are kept at home for pleasure rather than for work or food. Dogs, fats, fish can be kept as pets
- AQUATIC ANIMALS: These are animals that live in water. Hence they are domesticated in water environment fish is the most important aquatic animal to man some breeds of fish has been domesticated by man. Examples are cat fish, tilapia and so on.
CLASSIFICATION OF FARM ANIMALS
Farm Animals can be classified to many features
The most common features are:
- The size of the farm animals: it’s an easy way to classify farm animals just by looking at their size which are: large animals (e.g cattle,horses, donkeys and camels) and small animals (e.g rabbit, domestic fowl, fish and snails)
- The environment of farm animals: Some farm animals live on land and they are known as terrestrial animals e.g cattle, sheep, goat etc. Some live in water and they are called aquatic animals e.g fish, lobsters, crabs etc
- Mode of reproduction: Some farm animals bear their young ones alive and they are known as mammals e.g cattle,goat, pigs, etc. Others produce their young ones by laying eggs and they are called non mammals e.g birds, fishes.
- Type of stomach: a) Non ruminants which have simple stomach e.g poultry birds,rabbits, pigs etc. b) Ruminant which have complex stomach( rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum) e.g cattle, goat ,sheep etc.
Evaluation: Describe dairy and work animals
Assignment: In a tabular form, give three (3) differences between terrestrial and aquatic animals