SUBJECT: CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ARTS
CLASS: JSS 1
TERM: 1st TERM
FIRST TERM PROJECTS
TOPIC: RUDIMENTS AND THEORIES OF MUSIC
MEANING OF STAVE
A stave is a series of five horizontal lines and four spaces on which musical notes are written.On the piano, white keys are called natural keys while the black keys are called enharmonic keys.
MEANING OF CLEF
Clef is the sign or symbol used to fix in position certain letter names on the stave (staff).There are two commonly used types of clef among other types of clef in music namely:
The treble clef emerges from line G while the bass clef emerges fromline F. On the lines and spaces of the treble staff and bass staff, there are certain letter names for easy remembrance. The examples below show:
LETTER NAMES ON THE BASS STAFF
LINES: G – Good SPACES:A- All
B- Boys C- Cows
D- Deserve E- Eat
F- Fanta G- Grass
E FGA BCDE F
LETTER NAMES ON THE TREBLE STAFF
LINES:E- Every SPACES : F- Faith
G- Good A- And
B- Boy C-Courage
D- Deserves E- Endure
A short line placed above and below a staff to accommodate notes higher or lower than the range of the staff. The diagram below shows
Note thatF(left) and B (right) are shown on the leger line.
The great stave or staff is a combination of the treble and bass together with a brace. It is the thick line or mark that connects the treble and bass together on the keyboard screen.It comprises of eleven horizontal lines and ten spaces.
MUSICAL NOTES AND THEIR VALUES
Musical notes have uniquevalues with their respective symbols or signs.
The table below shows the musical notes and their relative values.
MUSICAL NOTES RELATIVE VALUES
Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 1)
Pages 53-55, 46 – 49
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