SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE
TOPIC: FAMILY HEALTH (III) DRUG ABUSE
Drugs are substances, other them food, that can affect the structure or function in a living organism.
Drug addiction is when a person uses a particular drug from time to time and become unable to do without it.
DRUG ABUSE/ MISUSED
It is a patterned use of drug in which the user consumes the drug in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals.
Drug abuse / misuse means
- The use of a drug for a purpose which is not suited
- The use of a drug for an appropriate purpose but in an improper dosage
Drug abuse also means the excessive use of a drug without regard to accepted medical practice.
Addiction and habituation are used by legislative and legal authorities, while medical doctors use the word dependence.
SIDE EFFECTS OF DRUG ABUSE
SOURCES OF DRUG
The sources of drugs are:
The Indian hemp is a plant grown as a fibre and of seed rich in oil.
The leaves and flowers are prepared and taken in various forms, this they may be eaten, drink, inhaled or smoked. Marijuana is not as addictive as other strongly addictive drugs such as heroin.
This is obtained from the poppy plant. Its seeds are used to prepare some food and as a source of oil.
The dried latex that usually come out from opium seeds is kneaded into balls of crude opium which drug traffickers market.
It is obtained from opium by chemical process.
It is a derivative of morphine. It is used medically and it is the most dangerous of the addictive drugs.
It is obtained from the coca tree. The commercial drug is obtained from the dried leaves by extraction with alcohol.
This is chemical that can be found in palm wine, wine, beer, stout and some strong alcoholic like gin, whiskey, rum etc.
Alcohol is classified as drug because:
iii. it induces sleep.
USES OF DRUG
CAUSES OF DRUG ABUSE
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