CLASS:� JSS 1
TERM: 1st TERM
TOPIC: INFORMATION TRANSMISION
FOR WEEKS 7-8
Information transmission is the process of passing information from one place to another or from one person to and another.
METHODS OF INFORMATION TRANSFER
There are two basic method information transmissions. These are:�
ANCIENT METHODS OF INFORMATION TRANSMISSION
Ancient methods of information transmission are the act of transferring information from one place to another or from one person to another by using olden means of communication.
Examples of ancient methods of information transmission are:
- Oral (by word): We can pass information from one person to another by the words of our mouth.
- Beating drum: People transfer information to another person or another place by beating drum especially when there is village meeting.
- Bush burning: information can be transfer to another person or place through bush burning to alert the people of the oncoming danger.
- Town crier : This is another ancient method of transfer information from one person� to another person or from one place to another
- Recording: Information was passed down in recorded form to the one concerned .Example is Ten Commandments.
- �Writing: Messages were written by hand on scrolls and kept in strategic places or common meeting places.�
MODERN METHODS OF INFORMATION TRANSMISSION
Modern methods of information transmission are the act of passing information from one place to another or from one person to another by using modern means of communication.
Modern mean of transmitting information can be divided into two. These are:
- Electronic means
- Non-electronic means
- Electronic means: These are through electronic equipments that require electricity to power them. Examples are: Radio, television, computer, Telex, Fax, internet, satellite telephone, GSM, 3G communication and Tapes.
- Radio: We can transfer information from one person to another or from one place to another through radio on air. Example when we listing to radio station we receive information that are been passed from the broadcasting station.
- Television: we can pass information on television: We watch television network news; there we know what is happening in Nigeria and other countries in the world.
- Telephone: Information can be sent to all over the world today by use of GSM (Global System Mobile Communication) .Almost all everybody have mobile phone to pass information from one person to another.
- Internet: Internet is a global system of interconnected network. Example, we can go to internet to browse for information, make internet calls, and chat with our friends.
- Telex: This method transform text messages in coded or abridged form.
- Fax: It transfers text message or graphics to the other end within seconds by way of telephone line.
- Computer: The medium is used to transfer information in the form of text, graphics, and voice.
- Satellite: It is a communication transmitting medium that is located in space.
- GSM: This means Global System of Mobile communication to pass information from person to another.
- 3G communication: This is the latest wireless means of communication with high speed internet access.
- Non-electronic mean:� These are through non-electronic equipments that do not require electricity to power them. Non-electronic means of transmitting information are: Writing, drawing, printed media and signs.
MODE OF RECEIVING INFORMATION
Audio: This involves receiving information in sound form. Examples are music tape, Radio, GSM and lectures on CD-ROM
Visual: This involves receiving information in Picture, graphic and chart form. Examples are slides on CD-ROM.
Audio/Visual: This involves receiving information using both audio and visual forms. Examples are video, television and monitor.