Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 1

Speech Work


SUBJECT:  English Language




Topic: Speech Work

Vowels /i:/ 


  1. /I:/ Seat, meet, Police, Seize, Rea

      Field, key, quay, People, amoeba

Vowel contrast

/i:/    /I/

seat    Sit

deep    did

heat    hit

feet    fit

read    rid

bid    bead

dip    deep

lip    leap


There is a great difference between /i:/ and the short /I/. This difference is shown by keeping the tongue longer in the same position for the pronunciation of /I:/ than you will do for the pronunciation of /I/.


Evaluation: words 

  1. Find five pairs of words that can show the contrast between the short /I/  and the long /I:/ as in the examples above.


Reading Assignment

Vowel contrast - /I:/ and /I/



Oral English for schools and colleges. Page 16

Structure –function of verbs


A verb is a word that tells or asserts something about a person or thing. Verbs comes from the Latin, verbum, a word. It is so called because it is the most important word in a sentence.


Functions of verbs

A verb may tell us:

  1. What a person or thing does; as, Anthony laughs.

The clock strikes.


  1. What is done to a person or thing; Harry is scolded.

The window is broken.


  1. What a person or thing is; as The cat is dead.

I feel sorry.

Glass is brittle


A verb is a word used to tell or assert something about some person or thing.

A verb often consists of more than one word as,

The girls were singing.

I have learnt my lesson

The watch has been found.


Auxiliary verbs

These are helping verbs. They can not stand on their own. They help to form the tenses of verbs e.g

I have  written it

She has done it

They are  going

They were going

She is dancing


Modal Auxiliaries

These express ideas such as possibility, probability, ability, certainty, willingness, obligation, permission, necessity, request, compulsion etc.



I can  carry the load (ability)

We may see tomorrow (probability)

I must  do the assignment (certainty)

They will come (possibility)

You must do your assignment now (compulsion)

You can  go there. (permission)



Say the function of each of the underlined verb in each of the sentences below.

Harry is tall

Bola sings

Olawale was singing

I can swim

You may  go home

Reading Assignment

Auxiliary Verbs


English Grammar for Junior Secondary Schools. Page 47 to 50

Topic: Present Tense



A verb that refers to the present time is said to be in the present tense.



I write letters to him.

 I run errands for my mother

 We pray together every morning

Many types so fast

She goes to School.


More verbs (Present tense)


Present Tense    Past Tense

Broad cast    broadcast

Rid    rid

Split    split

Burst    burst

Destroy    destroyed

Hand (put to death)    hanged

Flow    flowed

Fund    funded

Shine    shone


Present Tense    Past Tense

Win    Won

Deal    dealt

Wear    wore

Creep    crept

Weave    wove

Mean    meant



Pick five present verbs and make a sentence with each of them


Reading Assignment: Student’s Companion p.88

Present Tense



English Grammar for J.S.S pages 35 – 40

Topic: Comprehension and Vocabulary Development


The passage is a conversation. The principal came around to see what the boys with Mr. Etonye were doing. Mr. Etonye explained to him that they were learning some important skills in woodwork.

Eyo was making a bookshelf. He had marked out one end of it when the principal came. He explained to the principal that after marking out the piece of wood, he would cut it out.


    Practice 2(1-7)

Vocabulary – Words to do with tools

  1. Woodwork means making things out of wood.
  2. Capentry also means making things out of wood.
  3. A saw is a tool for cutting wood.
  4. A plane is a tool for taking shavings off  wood.
  5. A hammer is a tool for driving nails into wood.
  6. A ruler is for measuring and drawing straight lines
  7. A drill is a tool for making round holes.
  8. Sandpaper is for making wood very smooth.
  9. Mary tools have a blade and a handle.

When the blade is blunt, the carpenter sharpens it. That is, he makes it sharp again.



  1. Do practice 2 page 43.


Reading Assignment

Vocabulary page  43



Effective English for J.S.S. 1. Page 43

Topic: Literature – Prose and its elements

Types of prose


A prose is a long narrative with a wide range of characters, events and experiences, written in a straight forward language.


Elements of fiction and elements of story in general can be used by the reader to increase their enjoyment and understanding of different literary pieces. Once students are aware that all stories have elements of character, setting, plot, theme, point of view, style, and tone; they can be encouraged to ask themselves to identify the characteristics of each for a particular story. The more familiar they become with the different kinds of elements the better they will understand and critically analyze stories.

  1. Character: Character is the mental, emotional, and social qualities to distinguish one entity from another (people, animals, spirits, automatons, pieces of furniture, and otheranimated objects).Character development is the change that a character undergoes from the beginningof a story to the end. Young children can note this.The importance of a character to the story determines how fully the character is developed. Characters can beprimary,secondary, minor,or main.
  2. Plot: Plot is the order in which things move and happen in a story.Chronological order is when a story relates events in the order in which they happened.Flashbackis when the story moves back in time. 



Explain the meaning of each of the following.

  1. Characterization
  2. Plot
  3. Setting
  4. Language


Reading Assignment

Essential Literature-in-English for SSS pages 12 – 14

Topic: Difference between Narrative Essays and Descriptive Essays


Narrative and Descriptive essay are two different types of essay writing. The clear difference between them can be highlighted in terms of the writer's objective. A narrative essay usually tells the writer's  experiences to the reader. This highlights that a narrative allows the reader to immerse in a story that is composed of a sequence of events. But a descriptive essay is quite different from a narrative essay, mainly because it does not engage in relating a story but merely on providing a descriptive account ofsomething or someone to the reader. This is the main difference between a narrative and a descriptive essay.


General Evaluation:

  1. Write on an essay topic: My Favourite Teacher
  2. Write on the essay topic: An Unforgettable Experience.
  3. Write a short note on the elements of a prose

Weekend Assignment

  1. Write twenty verbs with their past and part participle forms.
  2. Give five examples each of the following types of verbs: Transitive, Intransitive, 

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