Lesson Notes By Weeks and Term - Junior Secondary School 1

Introduction to Home Economics






  1. Anyakoha, Elizabeth U. Home Economics for Junior Secondary Schools. Onitsha, Nigeria: African First Publishers Limited, 2010.
  2. Olaitan, S. O. & Mbah, C.O. Junior Secondary School Home Economics Book 3. Lagos, Nigeria: West African Book Publishers Limited, 2009.



TOPIC: Introduction to Home Economics


  1. Meaning of Home Economics 
  2. Areas of Home Economics
  3. Relationship of Home Economics to Other Subjects

  1. Meaning of Home Economics

Home Economics is a field of study that helps to develop knowledge, skills and attitudes in the learners in the areas of family living; food and nutrition; clothing; fashion and grooming; and home management.


  1. Areas of Home Economics

Home Economics is made up of many areas which can be grouped into seven.

1) Food and Nutrition: This deals with the study of foods and nutrients, and it includes food processing, preservation, food preparation, meal management and services, etc. 

2.)  Clothing and Textiles: This area deals with textiles, designing and sewing clothes. It also includes wise selection of clothes, personal hygiene and grooming. 

  1. Home Management: This area deals with the processes of using those things which the family has to obtain the things needed by the family, or using resources (things family has) such as money, time, energy, household equipment to meet family needs (such as food, clothing, house, etc).
  2. Consumer Education: This area of Home Economics teaches people how to make wise decisions when selecting or buying goods and services.
  3. Housing and Interior Decoration: This deals with provision of housing for the family, the planning of available space in a house; selection and arrangement of pieces of furniture and other decorative pieces in the house.
  4. Child Development and Care: This deals with how children grow and develop, and how to care for children properly.
  5. Family Living: This area deals with how people live in the family, and teaches people how to maintain good relationship in the family.


  1. Relationship of Home Economics to Other Subjects

Home Economics draws knowledge from many other subjects to form its own body of knowledge.

1)  Chemistry – teaches us about the nutrients in food, their properties, and effects of heat on them.

2)  Physics – helps us to understand the working of the refrigerator and electricity in the home.

3) Mathematics – teaches us how to determine quantities and do calculations and so on.

4) Biology – helps us to know about plants and animals, food groups, different parts of our body and how they function.

5) Economics – teaches us how to manage personal and family resources to meet our needs and goals.

6) Sociology – teaches us about the family and other social institutions, 

7) History – teaches us the things that happened in the past and explains what happens to us today, and what could happen to us in the future.

8) Geography – helps to know about our surroundings or environment, and how the things in our environment affect the family.

9) Psychology – teaches us about how children develop, how we learn and the conditions necessary for learning and normal development. 

10) Fine and Applied Arts – teaches us how to apply the principles of design in different aspects of home management, housing, production of arts and crafts, interior decoration, etc.

11) Agriculture – involves the production of the food which the family needs for good health.

12) Engineering – produces technologies which families use, such as electrical appliances, kitchen tools, television, etc.

13) Computer Science – Computer is used in many homes, shops, banks, hotels, offices, etc. Shopping can even be done online using computer.  

© Lesson Notes All Rights Reserved 2023